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Cartel

An agreement between two or more firms in the same industry to fix prices at a high level or to restrict output in an effort to increase profits by reducing competition. Members of cartels face a strong incentive to break the agreement by lowering prices in order to undercut other members, thereby gaining all the profit. They are also threatened by new entrants into the market who could undercut the prices of the cartel. Consequently, it is rare to find a stable cartel in a free-market system economy.

The Truth About Monopolies and Anti-Trust Laws

 

 

Mark Hendrickson - Monopoly and Anti-Trust

 

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September 2014

For centuries, hierarchical models dominated human organizations. Kings, warlords, and emperors could rally groups--but also oppress them. Non-hierarchical forms of organization, though, are increasingly defining our lives. It's no secret how this shift has benefited out social lives, including dating, and it's becoming more commonplace even in the corporate world. But it has also now come even to organizations bent on domination rather than human flourishing, as the Islamic State shows. If even destructive groups rely on this form of entrepreneurial organization, then hierarchy's time could truly be coming to an end.
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