INTERMEDIATE

Mercantilism

Mercantilism was the dominant economic philosophy during the 17th and part of the 18th centuries. Mercantilism believes that trade always benefits one party at the expense of the other. In addition, advocates viewed trade and wealth in terms of the state, rather than the individual. Government policies reflected this as they attempted to regulate trade in a manner which limited imports. Adam Smith mounted the definitive assault on mercantilist policies in his Wealth of Nations where he advocated free exchange over mercantilist controls. Even after Smith, governments continue to embrace mercantilist policies in the form of tariffs, subsidies, and military intervention in countries that have resources of perceived geo-political importance. 

Lawrence Reed- Adam Smith and the Birth of Economics

Burt Folsom - The Myth of the Robber Barons

 

Jack Chambless - The Curse of Alexander Hamilton

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