BEGINNER

Federal Reserve System

FEBRUARY 28, 2013

Created by the Federal Reserve Act in 1913, the Federal Reserve System is the apparatus that acts as a central bank in the United States. The Federal Reserve regulates the volume of base money in circulation, targets interest rates, sets minimum reserve levels for banks, and acts as lender of last resort during a financial crisis. After the financial crisis in 2008, the Federal Reserve began to pay interest on deposits held at the Federal Reserve and also gained financial regulatory power.

 

Gregory Rehmke - Money and Inflation

 

Steve Horwitz - Inflation

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For centuries, hierarchical models dominated human organizations. Kings, warlords, and emperors could rally groups--but also oppress them. Non-hierarchical forms of organization, though, are increasingly defining our lives. It's no secret how this shift has benefited out social lives, including dating, and it's becoming more commonplace even in the corporate world. But it has also now come even to organizations bent on domination rather than human flourishing, as the Islamic State shows. If even destructive groups rely on this form of entrepreneurial organization, then hierarchy's time could truly be coming to an end.
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