July 1989Volume 38, 1989
JULY 01, 1989 by Nicholas Davidson
SEPTEMBER 01, 1989 by Robert James Bidinotto
Treating criminals as victims undermined justice and began to bias the criminal justice system on their behalf. "Reforms" helpful to criminals included new courtroom rules excluding certain voluntary criminal confessions and factual evidence; lenient bail and release-on-recognizance practices; and routine sentence- reduction and release policies, such as plea bargaining, probation, parole, and insanity defenses.