November 1986Volume 36, 1986
NOVEMBER 01, 1986 by Ridgway K. Foley Jr.
NOVEMBER 01, 1986 by Hans Sennholz
n a similar way, when constraints on government pose a major threat to politicians, government employees, and powerful interest groups that benefit from political largess, government goes underground. When budget cuts threaten the position and incomes of politicians and bureaucrats they react by going "off-budget." Whether they are committed philosophically to expand the political arena or just defend their economic existence and life style, off-budget operations are an important procedure for achieving their goal.