Freeman

ARTICLE

Peace or Politics

APRIL 01, 1969 by FRANK CHODOROV

Peace is the business of Society. Society is a cooperative effort, springing spontaneously from man’s urge to improve on his cir­cumstances. It is voluntary, com­pletely free of force. It comes be­cause man has learned that the task of life is easier of accom­plishment through the exchange of goods, services, and ideas. The greater the volume and the fluid­ity of such exchanges, the richer and fuller the life of every mem­ber of Society. That is the law of association; it is also the law of peace.

It is in the market place that man’s peaceful ways are ex­pressed. Here the individual vol­untarily gives up possession of what he has in abundance to gain possession of what he lacks. It is in the market place that Society flourishes, because it is in the market place that the individual flourishes. Not only does he find here the satisfactions for which he craves, but he also learns of the desires of his fellow man so that he might the better serve him. More than that, he learns of and swaps ideas, hopes, and dreams, and comes away with values of greater worth to him than even those congealed in material things….

The law of association—the supreme law of Society—is self operating; it needs no enforce­ment agency. Its motor force is in the nature of man. His insatiable appetite for material, cultural, and spiritual desires drives him to join up. The compulsion is so strong that he makes an automo­bile out of an oxcart, a telephone system out of a drum, so as to overcome the handicaps of time and space; contact is of the es­sence in the market place tech­nique. Society grows because the seed of it is in the human being; it is made of man, but not by men.

The only condition necessary for the growth of Society into One Worldism is the absence of force in the market place; which is another way of saying that pol­itics is a hindrance to, and not an aid of, peace. Any intervention in the sphere of voluntary exchanges stunts the growth of Society and tends to its disorganization. It is significant that in war, which is the ultimate of politics, every stra­tegic move is aimed at the disor­ganization of the enemy’s means of production and exchange—the disruption of his market place. Likewise, when the State inter­venes in the business of Society, which is production and exchange, a condition of war exists, even though open conflict is prevented by the superior physical force the State is able to employ. Politics in the market place is like a bull in the china shop.

The essential characteristic of the State is force; it originates in force and exists by it. The ra­tionale of the State is that conflict is inherent in the nature of man and he must be coerced into be­having, for his own good. That is a debatable doctrine, but even if we accept it the fact remains that the coercion must be exercised by men who are, by definition, as "bad" as those upon whom the co­ercion is exercised. The State is men….

Getting down to the facts of ex­perience, political power has never been used for the "general good," as advertised, but has always been used to further the interests of those in power or those who can support them in this purpose. To do so it must intervene in the market place. The advantages that political power confers upon its priesthood and their cohorts con­sists of what it skims from the abundance created by Society. Since it cannot make a single good, it lives and thrives by what it takes. What it takes deprives producers of the fruits of their labors, impoverishes them, and this causes a feeling of hurt. In­tervention in the market place can do nothing else, then, than to cre­ate friction. Friction is incipient war.

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April 1969

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For centuries, hierarchical models dominated human organizations. Kings, warlords, and emperors could rally groups--but also oppress them. Non-hierarchical forms of organization, though, are increasingly defining our lives. It's no secret how this shift has benefited out social lives, including dating, and it's becoming more commonplace even in the corporate world. But it has also now come even to organizations bent on domination rather than human flourishing, as the Islamic State shows. If even destructive groups rely on this form of entrepreneurial organization, then hierarchy's time could truly be coming to an end.
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