The Real Conflict
DECEMBER 01, 1960 by RALPH BRADFORD
Mr. Bradford is a well-known writer, speaker, and business organization consultant.
There has been much talk in recent years about the alleged conflict between business and government. Actually, there is no such thing.
Businessmen, to be sure, have often criticized those in charge of government on matters of policy or administration. But so have farmers, laborers, and professional people. This is not "conflict." It is simply a part of the process of representative government. There is no conflict between "business" and government, any more than there is between "agriculture" or "labor" or "medicine" or "education" and government.
But there is a conflict, very real, very serious, age-old and inevitable —namely, the conflict within each of us as to the role he expects government to play in his own life and in his relations with his fellows —whether it shall be an agency to protect him and all others in their life and liberty and pursuit of happiness, or whether through coercive force it shall direct and dominate his life and theirs.
It was a recognition of this conflict that led the founders of our government to hedge it about with defensive checks and balances. On the one hand they wanted to guard against the overextension of governmental powers; on the other, they wanted to protect government against the excessive and ruinous demands of the people who would live under it. In other words, they wanted to protect the people from themselves; for whether they were exploited by those they had elected, or despoiled by their own cupidity, the ruin, in the end, would come home to them.
Once launched, that government had to meet the test of time and usage. As the decades multiplied, it emerged as one of the great experiments of humankind in self-government, and so it stands today.
But there comes a time in the life of every civilization when the lamp of freedom burns low. Partly, perhaps, that is because physical frontiers vanish and the pioneering spirit fades. Partly it may be because men cease to make with their own hands the things they need, and are thus more and more remote from the realities of primary production. In part, it is no doubt due to age —not of persons but of civilizations; for they, too, have their time of youth and vigor, their sedate and sedentary middle period, and their shuffling senility.
Whatever the cause, somewhere along the line the word "success" becomes less alluring than the word "security" —and when that happens to large numbers throughout a civilization, then its period of greatness is waning or past, and it is headed for the boneyard of history.
Now the pendulum is on a swing toward the
Who Is Responsible?
This is where the real conflict is sharply dramatized —the inner conflict of the individual with himself, whether to accept and exercise self-responsibility, or to attempt the shifting of that responsibility onto society through government. Over and over, history has recorded the results of that conflict, as portrayed in the rise and fall of nations. Nor is it all ancient history. We do not need to go back to
No matter where on the globe it may be located, the constant tendency of government is to grow; to expand its functions; to absorb the prerogatives of subordinate units of government such as states, counties, and municipalities, using up their tax sources in its ever-increasing demand for revenue; and to take away more and more of the substance of those very individuals whose lot it is supposed to be improving. And it does this, strangely enough, both at the demand and over the protest of its citizens.
The conflict is not just a case of ambitious, power-driven bureaucrats reaching out to gobble up lesser units of government and to control the lives of the people, though that may be part of it. Rather, it is the paradoxical phenomenon of people who resent and resist the encroachment of government into their private lives nevertheless demanding, in effect, that it do so encroach, by insisting that it "give" them more and more services, bonuses, loans, pensions, price supports, subsidies, tariffs, and other "benefits" never contemplated when the government was established.
Governments start out simply, in response to certain basic needs of men living within a common geographic area. Usually with slowness, but sometimes rapidly, they go through the steps from Jeffersonian simplicity to the apotheosis of statism —the stages that promise utopia but lead toruin. This process is often stoutly resisted by those who want the state to remain simple for the sake of solvency and freedom. It is advocated and pushed on by those who want the State to do something special for them or their economic group or their area, or for the public generally. And the ultimate irony of it all is that the proponents and opponents of what we may call progress-throughbankruptcy are often the same people!
This is the real conflict —the inner battle between common sense and greed, between wisdom and folly, between the sense of get and the sense of give, between God and Mammon, that always goes on in the aspiring but weary human heart.
If we will multiply the urges and demands we have mentioned by tens of millions; if we will imagine them extending over decades and generations; and finally, if we will ask ourselves whether we, too, denounce useless spending and inflation in one breath and in the next demand some governmental favor or privilege for ourselves, our business, or our city—if we will do this, we will perhaps reach a better understanding of the real conflict, and of the part which we, as citizens, ought to play in it.