Freeman

July 1983

Volume 33, 1983

FEATURES

The Constitution And Paper Money

JULY 01, 1983 by CLARENCE B. CARSON

The United States Constitution does not mention paper money by that name. Nor does it refer to paper currency or fiat money in those words.[1] There is only one direct reference to the origins of what we, and they, usually call paper money. It is in the limitations on the power of the states in Article I, Section 10. It reads, "No State shall . . . emit Bills of Credit . . . ." Paper that was intended to circulate as money but was not redeemable in gold and silver was technically described as bills of credit at that time.

Benefit Mandates Cause Unemployment

JULY 01, 1983 by HANS SENNHOLZ

Psychic benefits have great economic significance as they may affect a person's spirit, disposition, and attitude. They influence his will and power of work, his contribution to the production effort. A wise employer is keenly aware of the importance of psychic benefits which he grants with great generosity. They never impoverish the giver, but always enrich the lives of those who receive them as well as those who confer them.


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For centuries, hierarchical models dominated human organizations. Kings, warlords, and emperors could rally groups--but also oppress them. Non-hierarchical forms of organization, though, are increasingly defining our lives. It's no secret how this shift has benefited out social lives, including dating, and it's becoming more commonplace even in the corporate world. But it has also now come even to organizations bent on domination rather than human flourishing, as the Islamic State shows. If even destructive groups rely on this form of entrepreneurial organization, then hierarchy's time could truly be coming to an end.
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