June 1990Volume 40, 1990
JUNE 01, 1990 by BETTINA BIEN GREAVES
From time to time, insightful economists have described the operations of a market economy. Many have noted that no central planner is needed to tell producers what to produce, when to produce, how much to produce, and what quality to produce. Adam Smith, often called the "first economist," pointed out in 1776 that the butcher, the baker, and the brewer are guided as if by "an invisible hand." Frederic Bastiat remarked in 1845 that Parisians need not fear starving the next day, but could sleep peacefully in their beds, confident that the city would be provisioned during the night.